2004 Democratic Party presidential primaries

The 2004 Democratic presidential primaries were the selection process by which voters of the Democratic Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 2004 United States presidential election.

2004 Democratic Party presidential primaries

← 2000 January 14 to June 8, 2004 2008 →
  John F. Kerry (closein cropped 3x4).jpg John Edwards, official Senate photo portrait (cropped).jpg
Candidate John Kerry John Edwards
Home state Massachusetts North Carolina
Delegate count 2,573½ 559
Contests won 52 2
Popular vote 9,930,497 3,162,337
Percentage 61.0% 19.4%

  HowardDeanDNC-cropped.jpg General Wesley Clark official photograph (cropped).jpg
Candidate Howard Dean Wesley Clark
Home state Vermont Arkansas
Delegate count 167½ 60
Contests won 1 1
Popular vote 903,460 547,369
Percentage 5.6% 3.4%

2004 California Democratic presidential primary2004 Oregon Democratic presidential primary2004 Washington Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Idaho Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Nevada Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Utah Democratic presidential primary2004 Arizona Democratic presidential primary2004 Montana Democratic presidential primary2004 Wyoming Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Colorado Democratic presidential caucuses2004 New Mexico Democratic presidential caucuses2004 North Dakota Democratic presidential caucuses2004 South Dakota Democratic presidential primary2004 Nebraska Democratic presidential primary2004 Kansas Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Oklahoma Democratic presidential primary2004 Texas Democratic presidential primary2004 Minnesota Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Iowa Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Missouri Democratic presidential primary2004 Arkansas Democratic presidential primary2004 Louisiana Democratic presidential primary2004 Wisconsin Democratic presidential primary2004 Illinois Democratic presidential primary2004 Michigan Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Indiana Democratic presidential primary2004 Ohio Democratic presidential primary2004 Kentucky Democratic presidential primary2004 Tennessee Democratic presidential primary2004 Mississippi Democratic presidential primary2004 Alabama Democratic presidential primary2004 Georgia Democratic presidential primary2004 Florida Democratic presidential primary2004 South Carolina Democratic presidential primary2004 North Carolina Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Virginia Democratic presidential primary2004 West Virginia Democratic presidential primary2004 District of Columbia Democratic presidential primary and presidential caucuses2004 Maryland Democratic presidential primary2004 Delaware Democratic presidential primary2004 Pennsylvania Democratic presidential primary2004 New Jersey Democratic presidential primary2004 New York Democratic presidential primary2004 Connecticut Democratic presidential primary2004 Rhode Island Democratic presidential primary2004 Vermont Democratic presidential primary2004 New Hampshire Democratic presidential primary2004 Maine Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Massachusetts Democratic presidential primary2004 Alaska Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Hawaii Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Puerto Rico Democratic presidential caucuses2004 United States Virgin Islands Democratic presidential caucuses2004 American Samoa Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Guam Democratic presidential caucuses2004 Democrats Abroad presidential caucusesDemocratic presidential primary map, 2004.svg
About this image


Previous Democratic nominee

Al Gore

Democratic nominee

John Kerry

Senator John Kerry of Massachusetts was selected as the nominee through a series of primary elections and caucuses culminating in the 2004 Democratic National Convention held from July 26 to July 29, 2004, in Boston, Massachusetts. Kerry went on to lose the general election on November 2, 2004, to incumbent Republican President George W. Bush.

CandidatesEdit

NomineeEdit

Candidate Most recent position Home state Campaign Popular

vote

Running mate
 
John Kerry
U.S. Senator
from Massachusetts
(1985–2013)
 
Massachusetts
 
Nominated at convention: July 22
(Campaign)
9,930,497
(60.98%)
John Edwards

Withdrew during primariesEdit

The following candidates received more than 1% of the national popular vote or were included in multiple major national polls:

Candidate Experience Home state Campaign

Withdrawal date

Popular vote Contests won
 
Dennis Kucinich
U.S. Representative
from Ohio

(1997–2013)
 
Ohio
 
Withdrew: July 22
(Campaign)
620,242
(3.81%)
0
 
Al Sharpton
Activist and
television host
 
New York
 
Withdrew: March 15
380,865
(2.34%)
0
 
John Edwards
U.S. Senator
from North Carolina

(1999–2005)
 
North Carolina
 
Withdrew: March 2

(Campaign)
3,162,337
(19.42%)
2
NC, SC
 
Howard Dean
Former Governor
of Vermont
(1991–2003)
 
Vermont
 

Withdrew: February 18
(Campaign)

903,460

(5.55%)

1
VT
 
Wesley Clark
Supreme Allied
Commander Europe
(1997–2000)
 
Arkansas
 
Withdrew: February 11
(Campaign)
547,369
(3.36%)
1
OK
 
Joe Lieberman
U.S. Senator
from Connecticut

(1989–2013)
 
Connecticut
 
Withdrew: February 3
(Campaign)
280,940
(1.73%)
0
 
Dick Gephardt
House Minority Leader
(1995–2003)
 
Missouri
 
Withdrew: January 20
(Campaign)
63,902
(0.39%)
0
 
Carol Moseley
Braun
Former U.S. Senator
from Illinois
(1993–1999)
 
Illinois
 
Withdrew: January 15
98,469
(0.61%)
0

Withdrew before primariesEdit

Candidate Experience Home state Campaign
Withdrawal date
 
Bob Graham
U.S. Senator
from Florida

(1987–2005)
 
Florida
 
Withdrew: October 6, 2003

(Campaign)

Declined to runEdit

Primary race overviewEdit

Ten candidates vied for the nomination, including retired four-star general Wesley Clark, former Vermont Governor Howard Dean, and Senators John Edwards and John Kerry. For most of 2003, Howard Dean had been the apparent front-runner for the nomination, performing strongly in most polls and leading the pack in fund-raising. However, Kerry won the Iowa caucuses and New Hampshire primary, which gave him enough momentum to carry the majority of the rest of the states.

Election issuesEdit

According to exit polls taking during the Iowa Caucuses, the top 4 issues were ranked as follows:[2]

  1. Economy/Jobs (29% of Respondents)
  2. Health Care/Medicine (28% of Respondents)
  3. The war in Iraq (14% of Respondents)
  4. Education (14% of Respondents)

EconomyEdit

Despite being characterized by many as an election on Iraq, the economy and jobs were repeatedly cited as voters' top or one of top three concerns during the course of the primary season. In Iowa, of those who cited the economy as their most important issue, 34% supported Kerry, while 33% supported Edwards, with Dean trailing at 16% and Gephardt at 12%.

Eventual nominee John Kerry, much like other Democrats adopted policy stances of tax-cuts for the middle class, increased spending for Social Security, and assisting small businesses.[3] On the aspect of job creation, Kerry strongly supported the creation and safety of infrastructure-related jobs, like those in the railroad industry. During the course of the primary Kerry continued to advocate positions such as fiscal responsibility and end state fiscal crises by giving states increased fiscal aid.

Runner up John Edwards ran a position of support for the middle class as well as budget caps and enforcement.[4] Strongly opposing Social Security privatization, and interested in middle class tax cuts, Edwards's main economic theme was support for the middle class touting his own struggle, growing up the son of a poor mill worker in South Carolina. Another major component of Edwards's message was to be able to reinstate fiscal responsibility.

Howard Dean, despite taking many of the same positions of his rivals including Edwards and Kerry, had a starkly different approach on the issue of Social Security and tax cuts.[5] On taxes, Dean favored repealing the Bush Tax cuts not only for the wealthiest of Americans as Senator Edwards and Senator Kerry proposed, but for all, including middle and lower classes.[6]

Iraq WarEdit

After the 9/11 attacks, the Bush administration argued that the need to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq had now become urgent. Over the course of several months, Bush presented several premises for war, but the turning point was the allegation that Saddam's regime had tried to acquire nuclear material and had not properly accounted for biological and chemical material it was known to have possessed, potential weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in violation of U.N. sanctions. This situation escalated to the point that the United States assembled a group of about forty nations, including the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, and Poland, which Bush called the "coalition of the willing", to invade Iraq without UN authorization.

The coalition invaded Iraq on March 20, 2003. Most contenders for the nomination were supportive of the effort. Only Dean and Kucinich firmly questioned the aims and tactics of the administration, setting themselves apart in the eyes of war protesters. However, speaking before an audience in Peterborough, New Hampshire, John Kerry said, "We need a regime change not just in Iraq. We need a regime change here in the United States."[7] Republicans criticized Kerry for speaking out against a wartime president.[8]

The invasion was swift, with the collapse of the Iraq government and the military of Iraq in about three weeks. The oil infrastructure of Iraq was rapidly secured with limited damage in that time. On May 1, George W. Bush landed on the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln in a Lockheed S-3 Viking, where he gave a speech announcing the end of major combat in the Iraq war. Clearly visible in the background was a banner stating "Mission Accomplished". Bush's landing was criticized by opponents as being overly theatrical and expensive. The banner, made by White House personnel (according to a CNN story:[9]) and placed there by the U.S. Navy, was criticized as premature. Nonetheless, Bush's approval rating in the month of May rode at 66%, according to a CNN-USA Today-Gallup poll.[10]

On May 3, 2003, Democrats met at the University of South Carolina in the first formal debate between the nine challengers for the nomination. The candidates disagreed on the war against Iraq, health insurance, President Bush's tax cuts, but united in criticizing Bush's handling of the economy.

Dean emerges as front-runnerEdit

 
Howard Dean declared his candidacy on June 23, 2003, winning the MoveOn "primary" days later. His campaign would go on to lead most polls and raise the most money in the latter part of 2003.

On May 31, 2002, Vermont Governor Howard Dean formed a presidential exploratory committee. Though this was almost two years before the Iowa Caucus, Dean hoped the early start would give him some much needed name recognition. As a governor of a small state, Dean was not well known outside of New England.

In December of that year, John F. Kerry, U.S. senator from Massachusetts, announced on NBC's Meet the Press his plans to form an exploratory committee for a possible 2004 presidential run, anticipating a formal announcement "down the road some months". Kerry's experience as a decorated Vietnam veteran generated some excitement among Democrats tired of being on the defensive about their candidates' suitability in the role of "commander in chief".

Two weeks later, former Vice President and 2000 presidential candidate Al Gore announced on the CBS program 60 Minutes that he would not seek election to the presidency in 2004. Gore had recently wrapped up a nationwide book tour and had been widely expected to run.

Other potential candidates were likely waiting to see what Gore's plans were, and thus the floodgates opened in January 2003. Senator Joseph Lieberman, Gore's 2000 vice presidential running mate, had previously promised not to run should Gore seek their party's nomination. Freed from that obligation, Lieberman announced his intention to run. Additionally, many other candidates announced their intention to form committees (a formality usually indicating an official run): U.S. Sen. John R. Edwards of North Carolina, U.S. Rep. Richard A. "Dick" Gephardt of Missouri, and Reverend Al Sharpton of New York. In February, more candidates announced their intentions: former Senator from Illinois Carol Moseley Braun, U.S. Representative from Ohio Dennis Kucinich, and Senator Bob Graham of Florida.

There were other potential candidates for whom some speculation was buzzing about a potential run. These candidates felt it necessary to officially state that they would not seek the party nomination. These included United States Senate Minority Leader Tom Daschle, U.S. Senator Christopher Dodd of Connecticut, and former U.S. Senator Gary Hart from Colorado.

In April, Democratic fund-raising totals for the first quarter of 2003 were reported. John Edwards raised $7.4 million, John Kerry raised $7.0 million, Dick Gephardt raised $3.5 million, Joe Lieberman raised $3.0 million, Howard Dean raised $2.6 million, Bob Graham raised $1.1 million, and Dennis Kucinich and Carol Moseley Braun raised less than $1 million each.

In June 2003, Howard Dean aired the first television advertising of the 2004 campaign, spending more than $300,000. During that time, he formally announced his run for president, filing to form a presidential election campaign with the FEC. Later that month, liberal advocacy website MoveOn held the first ever online Democratic "primary", which lasted just over 48 hours. It was an unofficial and nonbinding affair, but with important symbolic and financial value. Of 317,647 votes, Howard Dean received 44%, Dennis Kucinich 24%, and John Kerry 16%. Had any candidate received 50% of the vote, the candidate would have received MoveOn's endorsement and financial support. Instead, MoveOn supported all the candidates.[11]

In July, the Democratic fund-raising numbers for the second quarter of 2003 were reported and announced. Howard Dean surprised many raising $7.5 million, John Kerry raised $6 million, while John Edwards and Joseph Lieberman raised roughly $5 million each. Dean's strength as a fund-raiser was attributed mainly to his innovative embrace of the Internet for campaigning. The majority of his donations came from individual Dean supporters, who came to be known as Deanites, or, more commonly, Deaniacs. His campaign's innovative use of the Internet helped to build a strongly supportive grassroots constituency, much of which remained intensely loyal to him long after the end of his candidacy.

By autumn of 2003, Dean had become the apparent front-runner for the Democratic nomination, performing strongly in most polls. Generally regarded as a pragmatic centrist during his time as governor, Dean emerged during his presidential campaign as something of a populist, denouncing the policies of the Bush administration (especially the 2003 invasion of Iraq) as well as fellow Democrats, who, in his view, failed to strongly oppose them.

During his presidential campaign, critics on the right labeled Dean's political views as those of an extreme liberal; however, in liberal Vermont, Dean, long known as a staunch advocate of fiscal restraint, was regarded as a moderate. Many critics on the left, who supported fellow Democrat Dennis Kucinich or independent Ralph Nader, charged that, at heart, Dean was a "Rockefeller Republican"—socially liberal, while fiscally conservative.[12]

Wesley Clark entersEdit

Over the summer of 2003, several organized groups began a nationwide campaign to "draft" retired four-star general Wesley Clark for the Democratic Party's nomination for the 2004 presidential election. CNN on August 13 showed a commercial by one of these groups and interviewed Clark. He disavowed any connection with the "draft Clark" groups, but said he had been considering his position and that within a few weeks he would likely make public his decision on whether to run. He also fueled speculation with a television interview in which he first declared himself a Democrat.

On September 17, 2003, in Little Rock, Arkansas, Clark announced his intention to run in the presidential primary election for the Democratic Party nomination, becoming the tenth and last Democrat to do so (coming many months after the others): "My name is Wes Clark. I am from Little Rock, Arkansas, and I am here to announce that I intend to seek the presidency of the United States of America." He said, "We're going to run a campaign that will move this country forward, not back."

His campaign focused on themes of leadership and patriotism; early campaign ads relied heavily on biography. His late start left him with relatively few detailed policy proposals. This weakness was apparent in his first few debates, although he soon presented a range of position papers, including a major tax-relief plan. Nevertheless, many Democrats flocked to his campaign. They were drawn by his military background, and saw such foreign policy credentials as a valuable asset in challenging George W. Bush post-September 11. Advisors and supporters portrayed him as more electable than Howard Dean, who was still the front-runner for the party's nomination. Despite the burst of enthusiasm for Clark in late 2003, Dean maintained a strong lead in the polls for the latter half of the year. Clark won the Democratic Presidential Primary in Oklahoma, the only state carried by Clark in the primary election.

Criticism of Clark began almost the moment he entered the race. Originally heralded as an antiwar general, he stumbled in the first few days of his candidacy. He was perceived as changing his answer on how he would have voted on the Iraq war resolution. His supporters argued that his perceived indecision was due to lack of experience with the media and their insistence on short "sound bite" answers.

Iowa and New HampshireEdit

Throughout the early campaigning season, the Iowa caucuses appeared to be a two-way contest between former Vermont Governor Howard Dean and Missouri Congressman Richard Gephardt. Dean, the national front runner, had been able to pour money into Iowa and New Hampshire. In total, Dean spent nearly $40 million in the two states.[13] Gephardt, coming from neighboring Missouri, won the state's caucus in 1988 when he first ran for the party nomination.

However, days before the Iowa caucuses were held, negative campaigning by Dean and Gephardt took a late toll on the two campaigns in Iowa as well as nationally. This, along with the resurgence of John Kerry and the emergence of John Edwards as major contenders in Iowa, put the Gephardt and Dean campaigns on edge.

A poll released by the Des Moines Register days before the caucus was held showed Dean and Gephardt had lost all of their lead in Iowa. In the poll, Kerry led with 26% of those surveyed, Edwards came in second with 23%, Dean came in third with 20%, and Gephardt came in fourth with 18%.[14]

On caucus night, as results were being tallied, it became evident that Kerry and Edwards were in a battle for first and Dean and Gephardt were in a battle for third.

 
Iowa results by county
  John Kerry
  John Edwards
  Howard Dean
  Tie

After all votes were tallied, John Kerry received 38% of the delegates, John Edwards received 32%, Howard Dean received 18%, and Richard Gephardt received 11%.

After his poor showing, Gephardt dropped out of the race.[15] Kerry and Edwards claimed newfound momentum, while Dean attempted to downplay the results.

In the New Hampshire primary, Kerry was able to defeat Howard Dean once again, beating him 38%-26%. The final debate before the primary was held at Saint Anselm College; Kerry's performance was superior to the others, helping him win the primary a few days later.[16] Kerry carried nearly all constituencies during the primary according to exit polling data. Clark came in third with 12%, Edwards fourth with 12%, and Lieberman fifth with 9%.[17]

Final stretchEdit

Super Tuesday 2004
Super Tuesday, 2004 held key Democratic contests including New York, Ohio, California, and Georgia

Nominating Contests - 10

  • Won by Kerry - 9
  • Won by Edwards - 0

Pledged Delegates at Stake - 1164[18]

  • Delegates won by Kerry - 844
  • Delegates won by Edwards - 207
  • Delegates won by others - 13

Key Results

Edwards' late stage momentum, as well as his departure from the negative campaigning which characterized other leading candidates,[19] carried him into a surprising second-place finish in Iowa with the support of 32% of caucus delegates, behind only John Kerry's 38% and ahead of former front-runner Howard Dean at 18%. He finished with 12% in the New Hampshire primary one week later, essentially tied for third-place position with retired general Wesley Clark. The following week, Edwards won in South Carolina and nearly beat Clark in Oklahoma.

 
Edwards on the campaign trail in 2004.

After Dean's withdrawal from the contest, Edwards became the only major challenger to Kerry for the nomination. However, Kerry continued to dominate, taking in wins in Michigan, Washington, Maine, Tennessee, Washington, D.C., Nevada, Wisconsin, Utah, Hawaii, and Idaho. Remarking on an unexpectedly strong finish in Wisconsin on February 17, Edwards humorously cautioned Kerry: "Objects in your mirror may be closer than they appear." Many other candidates dropped out during this time, leaving only Kerry, Edwards, Sharpton and Kucinich in the running. Dean, while not officially running, did not release his delegates, and still put in a strong showing considering that he was no longer mounting an official campaign.

Edwards maintained a positive campaign and largely avoided attacking Kerry until a February 29, 2004, debate in New York City, where he attempted to put Kerry on the defensive by characterizing the front-runner as a "Washington insider" and by mocking Kerry's plan to form a committee to examine trade agreements.

In Super Tuesday, March 2, Kerry won decisive victories in the California, Connecticut, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, and Rhode Island primaries and the Minnesota caucuses. Dean, despite having withdrawn from the race two weeks earlier, won his home state of Vermont. Edwards finished only slightly behind Kerry in Georgia but, failing to win a single state, chose to withdraw, making Kerry the presumptive nominee. President Bush called Senator Kerry to congratulate him that evening.

On March 11, after meetings with Democratic superdelegates in Washington, D.C., and former primary election opponents, Kerry accumulated the 2,162 delegates required to clinch the nomination. The DNC's website acknowledged him as the party's nominee at that time, four and a half months prior to the Convention.

See also the John Kerry 2004 presidential campaign

NominationEdit

On July 6, John Kerry selected John Edwards as his running mate shortly before the 2004 Democratic National Convention in Boston, Massachusetts, held later that month. Senators Kerry and Edwards were formally nominated by the Democratic Party at the convention. The Kerry/Edwards ticket was on the ballot in all 50 states, plus the District of Columbia. In New York, the ticket was also on the ballot as candidates of the Working Families Party.

New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson served as chairman of the convention while former presidential advisor to Bill Clinton, Lottie Shackelford, served as vice chairman. Defining moments of the 2004 Democratic National Convention included the featured keynote speech of Barack Obama, a Honolulu native and candidate for the United States Senate from Illinois, Bill Clinton's opening night speech and the confirmation of the nomination of John Kerry as the candidate for president and of John Edwards as the candidate for vice president. Kerry made his Vietnam War experience a prominent theme. In accepting the nomination, he began his speech with "I'm John Kerry and I'm reporting for duty."

Kerry and Edwards faced incumbents George W. Bush and Dick Cheney of the Republican Party in the 2004 presidential election. Following his official nomination at the Convention, Kerry received only a small bounce in the polls and remained "neck and neck" with Bush. This was the first time in recent political history that a candidate failed to receive a substantial boost in post-convention poll numbers. Some political pundits attributed this small boost to the unusually small number of undecided voters as compared with previous presidential elections.[20]

The general election was won by Bush, who defeated Kerry. The election was fought primarily on the issue of the conduct of the War on Terror. Bush defended the actions of his administration, while Kerry contended that the war had been fought incompetently, and that the Iraq War was a distraction from the War on Terror, not a part of it.

OverviewEdit

Bob Graham 2004 presidential campaignCarol Moseley Braun 2004 presidential campaignDick Gephardt 2004 presidential campaignJoe Lieberman 2004 presidential campaignWesley Clark 2004 presidential campaignHoward Dean 2004 presidential campaignJohn Edwards 2004 presidential campaignAl Sharpton 2004 presidential campaignDennis Kucinich 2004 presidential campaignJohn Kerry 2004 presidential campaign
Nominee
Withdrawn campaigns
Exploratory committee
Midterm elections
Iowa caucuses
New Hampshire primary
Mini Tuesday
Super Tuesday
Final primaries
Democratic convention
General election

ResultsEdit

StatewideEdit

2004 Democratic primaries and caucuses[21]
Delegates Wesley Clark Howard Dean John Edwards Richard Gephardt John Kerry Dennis Kucinich Al Sharpton Others
Total Delegates¹ 4,322 60 167.5 559 -- 2573.5 40 26
Superdelegates¹ 802 -- 53 23 -- 381 2 5
January 14 District of Columbia²
(non-binding primary)
0 -- 17,736 -- -- -- 3,435 14,248
January 19 Iowa³
(caucus)
45 -- 2,342
(5)
4,393
(10)
1,507 5,002
(30)
139 0
January 27 New Hampshire
(primary)
22 27,3144 57,761
(9)
26,487 -- 84,3774
(13)
1% --
February 3 (Mini Tuesday) Arizona
(primary)
55 27%
(14)
14%
(3)
7% -- 43%
(38)
2% --
Delaware
(primary)
15 9%4 10% 11% 1%4 50%
(14)
1% 6%
(1)
Missouri
(primary)
74 4% 9% 25%
(26)
2% 51%
(48)
1% 3%
New Mexico
(caucus)
26 21%
(8)
16%
(4)
11% 1%4 42%
(14)
6% --
North Dakota
(caucus)
14 24%
(5)
12% 10% 1% 51%4
(9)
3% --
Oklahoma
(primary)
40 30%
(15)
4% 30%
(13)
1%4 27%
(12)
1% 1%
South Carolina
(primary)
45 7% 5% 45%
(27)
-- 30%
(17)
-- 10%
(1)
February 7 Michigan
(caucus)
128 7% 17%
(24)
13%
(6)
1%4 52%
(91)
3% 7%
(7)
Washington
(caucus)
76 3% 30%
(29)
7% -- 48%4
(47)
8% --
February 8 Maine
(caucus)
24 4% 27%4
(9)
8% -- 45%
(15)
16% --
February 10 Tennessee
(primary)
69 23%
(18)
4% 26%
(20)
-- 41%
(31)
1% 2%
Virginia
(primary)
82 9% 7% 27%
(29)
-- 52%
(53)
1% 3%
February 14 District of Columbia²
(caucus)
16 1%4 17%4
(3)
10% -- 47%
(9)
3% 20%
(4)
Nevada
(caucus)
24 -- 17%
(2)
10% -- 63%
(18)
7% 1%
February 17 Wisconsin
(primary)
72 2% 18%
(13)
34%
(24)
-- 40%
(30)
3% 2%
February 24 Hawaii
(caucus)
20 1%4 7%4 13%4 -- 47%4
(12)
31%4
(8)
--
Idaho³
(caucus)
18 -- 11% 22%
(6)
-- 54%
(12)
6% --
Utah
(primary)
23 1%4 4% 30%
(3)
-- 55%
(5)
7% --
March 2 (Super Tuesday) California
(primary)
370 2%4 4% 20%
(82)
1%4 64%
(288)
5% 4%
Connecticut
(primary)
49 1%4 4% 24%
(14)
-- 58%
(35)
3% 3%
Georgia
(primary)
86 1%4 2% 42%
(32)
-- 47%
(37)
1% 6%
Maryland
(primary)
69 1%4 3% 26%
(13)
-- 60%
(26)
2% 5%
Massachusetts
(primary)
93 1%4 3% 18%
(13)
-- 72%
(80)
4% 1%
Minnesota
(caucus)
72 -- 2% 27%
(22)
-- 51%
(41)
17%
(9)
1%
New York
(primary)
236 1%4 20,471

3%

143,960

20%
(54)

1%4 437,754

61%
(174)

36,680

5%

8%
(8)
Ohio
(primary)
140 1%4 3% 34%
(55)
1%4 52%
(81)
9%
(4)
--
Rhode Island
(primary)
21 1%4 4% 19%
(4)
-- 71%
(17)
3% --
Vermont
(primary)[22]
15 3%4 53%4
(9)
6%4 -- 31%4
(6)
4% --
March 9 American Samoa
(caucus)
3 -- -- -- -- 83%
(6)
17% --
Florida
(primary)
177 1% 3% 10%
(3)
1% 77%
(119)
2% 3%
Louisiana
(primary)
60 4% 5% 16%
(10)
-- 70%
(42)
1% --
Mississippi
(primary)
33 2% 3% 7% -- 78%
(33)
1% 5%
Texas
(primary)
195 2% 5% 14%
(11)
1% 67%
(62)
2% 4%
March 13 Kansas
(caucus)
33 1% 7%
(1)
9% -- 72%
(32)
10% --
March 16 Illinois
(primary)
156 2% 4% 11%
(2)
-- 72%
(154)
2% 3%
March 20 Alaska
(caucus)
13 -- 11% 3% -- 48%
(8)
27%
(5)
--
Wyoming
(caucus)
13 -- 3% 5% -- 77%
(13)
6% 1%
March 27 Expatriates5
(caucus)
7 10% 19%
(2.5)
9% -- 56%
(4.5)
5% 1%
April 13 Colorado
(caucus)
54 -- 2% 1% -- 64%
(39)
13%
(4)
--
April 17 North Carolina
(caucus)
90 -- 6% 52%
(57)
-- 27%
(29)
12%
(4)
3%
Virgin Islands
(caucus)
3 -- -- -- -- --
(3)
-- --
April 24 Guam
(caucus)
3 -- -- -- -- 77%
(3)
-- --
April 27 Pennsylvania
(primary)
151 -- 10%
(1)
10% -- 74%
(120)
4% --
May 4 Indiana
(primary)
67 6% 7% 11% -- 73%
(62)
2% --
May 11 Nebraska
(primary)
24 -- 7% 14% -- 73%
(24)
2% 2%
West Virginia
(primary)
28 3% 4% 13% -- 70%
(28)
2% --
May 18 Arkansas
(primary)
36 -- -- -- -- 66%
(29)
5% --
Kentucky
(primary)
49 3% 4% 14% -- 60%
(44)
2% 2%
Oregon
(primary)
46 -- -- -- -- 81%
(38)
17%
(4)
--
June 1 Alabama
(primary)
54 -- -- -- -- 75%
(47)
4% --
South Dakota
(primary)
14 -- 6% -- -- 82%
(14)
2% --
June 6 Puerto Rico
(caucus)
51 -- -- -- -- --
(51)
-- --
June 8 Montana
(primary)
15 4% -- 9% -- 68%
(15)
11% --
New Jersey
(primary)
107 -- -- -- -- 92%
(106)
4% --
Color Key: 1st place
(delegates earned)
2nd place
(delegates earned)
3rd place
(delegates earned)
Withdrawn

Notes:

¹ Total delegate count includes superdelegates, delegates not assigned directly from primary or caucus results. State delegate counts include only those delegates assigned as a result of the state primary or caucus.[23][24]
² January 14 was a non-binding primary (no delegates apportioned). Ten of the District of Columbia's pledged delegates were awarded at ward-level caucuses on February 14; the other six were awarded based on the February 14 results in a convention on March 6.
³ Only local delegates were selected at the Iowa and Idaho caucuses. National delegates were selected later.
4 These figures are based on correctly rounded percentages based on complete counts directly from the state parties and from The Washington Post. These figures differ slightly from those reported in most major media outlets (including some linked at the bottom of the page), where percentages have been slightly mis-stated for some candidates in some elections (either by applying inconsistent rounding or by inconsistently excluding minor candidates or candidates who had dropped out).[25]
5 Expatriate Democrats, represented the Democrats Abroad organization, held their 2004 caucus on April 7 in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Counties carriedEdit

 
Democratic presidential primaries results by county, 2004 (exceptions: Alaska, American Samoa, Guam, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, North Dakota, – at-large)
  John Kerry
  John Edwards
  Howard Dean
  Wesley Clark
  Dennis Kucinich
  Al Sharpton
  Uncommitted
  Tie
  No votes

NationwideEdit

There were 4,353 total delegates to the 2004 Democratic National Convention, of which 802 were superdelegates: party leaders, even including some of the candidates, who were not bound by any state's primary or caucus votes and could change their support at any time. A candidate needed 2,162 delegates to become the nominee. Except for the Northern Mariana Islands and Midway Atoll, all states, territories, and other inhabited areas of the United States offered delegates to the 2004 Democratic National Convention. John Kerry won 4,255 votes at the Convention, including those won by all of his former rivals except Dennis Kucinich, who received 37 votes. There were 26 abstentions.

e • d Summary of the election results
Candidates Votes % Delegates
John Kerry  9,871,270 61% 2573.5
John Edwards  3,133,899 19% 559
Howard Dean  894,367 5% 167.5
Dennis Kucinich  617,264 4% 40
Wesley Clark  536,148 3% 60
Al Sharpton  384,766 2% 26
Other  744178 5% 0
Total   16,181,892   100% 4322
Source: Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Jonathan Karl CNN Washington (January 7, 2003). "CNN.com - Daschle decides not to run for president - Jan. 7, 2003". Articles.cnn.com. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
  2. ^ "CNN.com 2004 Primaries". Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  3. ^ "CNN.com Specials". Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  4. ^ "CNN.com Specials". Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  5. ^ "CNN.com Specials". Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  6. ^ Rosenbaum, David E. (2003-09-12). "Tax Cuts Split the Democratic Presidential Field". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
  7. ^ Poor, Eric (2003-04-03). "Kerry calls for new U.S. leadership". Monadnock Ledger. Archived from the original on 2004-09-17.
  8. ^ Pickler, Nedra (2003-04-03). "POLITICAL NOTEBOOK: Hastert, Delay assail Kerry speech; Edwards chats with Bush; Dean writing a book". The San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2003-06-24.
  9. ^ Bash, Dana (2003-10-29). "White House pressed on 'mission accomplished' sign". CNN.
  10. ^ "Bush Jumpstarts '04 Fundraising". CBS News. Associated Press. 2003-05-24.
  11. ^ "Report on the 2003 MoveOn.org Political Action Primary". MoveOn.org. Archived from the original on September 29, 2005. Retrieved September 28, 2005.
  12. ^ Raban, Jonathan (2004-01-17). "Howard Dean: 'the flip flop candidate'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
  13. ^ Wilgoren, Jodi; Justice, Glen (January 29, 2004). "THE 2004 CAMPAIGN: THE FORMER GOVERNOR; IN SHAKE-UP, DEAN NAMES GORE ALLY TO RUN CAMPAIGN". The New York Times.
  14. ^ "CNN.com 2004 Primaries". Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  15. ^ "Gephardt to drop out of race". CNN. January 18, 2004. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  16. ^ "Detroit News: Kerry talks tough, Dean tame in debate". Democratic Underground. Retrieved 2010-05-24.
  17. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of Presidential Election".
  18. ^ CNN. "Super Tuesday, 2004". Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  19. ^ Archibald, Randal (February 15, 2004). "Do You Need to Go Negative to Topple a Front-Runner?". The New York Times.
  20. ^ Inskeep, Steve (2 August 2004). "Polls: Kerry Got Little Bounce from Boston". NPR. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  21. ^ "2004 Democratic Primary Election Events Timeline". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  22. ^ "Header". Vermont-elections.org. Archived from the original on 1999-11-28. Retrieved 2010-05-24.
  23. ^ "CNN.com 2004 Primaries". CNN. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  24. ^ "CNN.com 2004 Primaries". CNN. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  25. ^ "Democratic Party of Hawaii - Home". Hawaiidemocrats.org. Retrieved 2010-05-24.

General referencesEdit

External linksEdit