1988 United States presidential election in West Virginia

The 1988 United States presidential election in West Virginia took place on November 8, 1988. All 50 states and the District of Columbia were part of the 1988 United States presidential election. West Virginia voters chose 6 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

1988 United States presidential election in West Virginia

← 1984 November 8, 1988 1992 →
  1988 Dukakis.jpg 1988 Bush.jpg
Nominee Michael Dukakis George H. W. Bush
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Massachusetts Texas
Running mate Lloyd Bentsen Dan Quayle
Electoral vote 5 0
Popular vote 341,016 310,065
Percentage 52.20% 47.46%

WV1988.jpg
County Results

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

George H. W. Bush
Republican

West Virginia was won by Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis who was running against incumbent United States Vice President George H. W. Bush of Texas. Dukakis ran with Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen as Vice President, and Bush ran with Indiana Senator Dan Quayle.

West Virginia weighed in for this election as 13% more Democratic than the national average. To date this is also the last time the state voted for a losing Democratic presidential candidate.

The 1988 election cycle is also the last time that West Virginia did not vote for the same presidential candidate as neighboring Kentucky.

Partisan backgroundEdit

The presidential election of 1988 was a very partisan election for West Virginia, with over 99% of the electorate voting for either the Republican or Democratic parties, and only three candidates appearing on the ballot.[1]

Republican national victoryEdit

Dukakis won the election in West Virginia with a 5-point margin. The relatively narrow election results in West Virginia are reflective of a nationwide reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party, which took place through the 1980s. Through the passage of some very controversial economic programs, spearheaded by then President Ronald Reagan (called, collectively, "Reaganomics"), the mid-to-late 1980s saw a period of economic growth and stability. The hallmark for Reaganomics was, in part, the wide-scale deregulation of corporate interests, and tax cuts for the wealthy.[2]

Dukakis ran his campaign on a socially liberal platform, and advocated for higher economic regulation and environmental protection. Bush, alternatively, ran on a campaign of continuing the social and economic policies of former President Reagan - which gained him much support with social conservatives and people living in rural areas. Additionally, while the economic programs passed under Reagan, and furthered under Bush, may have boosted the economy for a brief period, they are criticized by many analysts as "setting the stage" for economic troubles in the United States after 2007, such as the Great Recession.[3]

Faithless electorEdit

A rare event in any United States presidential election, West Virginia was home to a faithless elector in the election of 1988. During the assembly of the electoral college, one elector from West Virginia, Margarette Leach, cast her vote for Democratic vice presidential nominee Lloyd Bentsen as president, and Dukakis as the vice president. She did this in order to draw attention to the lack of accountability for electors under the Electoral College system.[4]

ResultsEdit

Statewide resultsEdit

1988 United States presidential election in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Michael Dukakis 341,016 52.20% 5
Republican George H. W. Bush 310,065 47.46% 0
New Alliance Party Lenora Fulani 2,230 0.34% 0
Democratic Lloyd Bentsen 0 0.00% 1
Totals 653,311 100.00% 6

By countyEdit

Michael Stanley Dukakis

Democratic

George Herbert Walker Bush

Republican

Various candidates

Other parties

County % # % # % #
Barbour 51.4% 3,221 48.2% 3,023 0.2% 17
Berkeley 36.8% 6,313 62.8% 10,761 0.4% 61
Boone 70.0% 6,539 29.8% 2,786 0.2% 20
Braxton 62.2% 3,377 37.3% 2,024 0.4% 22
Brooke 60.7% 6,258 38.8% 4,006 0.4% 42
Cabell 47.1% 15,368 52.7% 17,197 0.3% 97
Calhoun 53.8% 1,644 45.6% 1,395 0.6% 18
Clay 59.4% 2,263 40.3% 1,536 0.3% 12
Doddridge 33.5% 955 66.0% 1,880 0.4% 12
Fayette 67.9% 11,009 31.7% 5,143 0.3% 53
Gilmer 54.2% 1,661 45.2% 1,387 0.5% 16
Grant 21.6% 893 77.9% 3,215 0.5% 22
Greenbrier 52.9% 6,091 46.8% 5,395 0.3% 35
Hampshire 38.9% 2,085 60.7% 3,253 0.5% 25
Hancock 58.3% 8,338 41.1% 5,882 0.4% 60
Hardy 39.4% 1,689 60.2% 2,581 0.4% 18
Harrison 55.9% 17,005 43.9% 13,364 0.1% 49
Jackson 44.4% 4,573 55.4% 5,696 0.2% 22
Jefferson 44.6% 4,334 55.0% 5,349 0.4% 43
Kanawha 51.7% 41,144 48.0% 38,140 0.3% 258
Lewis 47.3% 3,272 52.1% 3,602 0.4% 34
Lincoln 59.2% 5,049 40.5% 3,457 0.3% 23
Logan 72.5% 11,317 27.2% 4,244 0.3% 47
Marion 60.8% 14,441 38.8% 9,229 0.3% 72
Marshall 53.4% 7,903 45.9% 6,793 0.5% 83
Mason 50.5% 5,468 49.3% 5,332 0.2% 25
McDowell 74.2% 7,204 25.4% 2,463 0.5% 47
Mercer 49.7% 10,152 50.0% 10,221 0.3% 57
Mineral 40.1% 4,059 59.5% 6,015 0.4% 37
Mingo 71.8% 7,429 28.0% 2,896 0.2% 25
Monongalia 53.8% 14,178 45.9% 12,091 0.2% 69
Monroe 47.0% 2,427 52.6% 2,719 0.4% 22
Morgan 33.9% 1,545 65.8% 3,002 0.4% 17
Nicholas 57.9% 5,173 41.8% 3,731 0.4% 32
Ohio 49.1% 10,121 50.2% 10,341 0.5% 116
Pendleton 45.5% 1,595 54.3% 1,901 0.2% 7
Pleasants 44.6% 1,421 55.3% 1,761 0.2% 5
Pocahontas 50.8% 1,958 48.7% 1,876 0.5% 18
Preston 42.7% 4,357 56.9% 5,804 0.3% 35
Putnam 44.7% 6,640 55.0% 8,163 0.3% 38
Raleigh 57.7% 14,302 42.0% 10,395 0.3% 85
Randolph 52.2% 5,233 47.3% 4,746 0.3% 38
Ritchie 33.3% 1,446 66.2% 2,874 0.4% 18
Roane 45.9% 2,447 53.7% 2,861 0.5% 24
Summers 57.8% 3,072 42.0% 2,231 0.2% 11
Taylor 50.0% 2,852 49.4% 2,816 0.4% 26
Tucker 52.2% 1,869 47.5% 1,699 0.2% 9
Tyler 38.8% 1,501 61.1% 2,365 0.2% 8
Upshur 38.8% 3,065 60.9% 4,813 0.2% 16
Wayne 54.7% 8,621 45.2% 7,123 0.2% 31
Webster 67.9% 2,185 31.5% 1,016 0.2% 16
Wetzel 53.4% 3,928 46.0% 3,381 0.5% 41
Wirt 45.0% 929 54.5% 1,125 0.6% 12
Wood 39.8% 12,959 59.7% 19,450 0.5% 154
Wyoming 63.4% 6,138 36.3% 3,516 0.3% 30

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
  2. ^ "Since 1980s, the Kindest of Tax Cuts for the Rich". The New York Times. 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
  3. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
  4. ^ "James A. Michener, Near-Faithless Elector". Slate. 2000-11-09. Retrieved 2019-06-20.