1975 Pacific typhoon season

The 1975 Pacific typhoon season was one of the deadliest tropical cyclone seasons on record, with nearly 230,000 fatalities occurring during the season. It had no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1975, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

1975 Pacific typhoon season
1975 Pacific typhoon season summary.jpg
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedJanuary 21, 1975
Last system dissipatedDecember 30, 1975
Strongest storm
 • Maximum winds295 km/h (185 mph)
(1-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure875 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions25
Total storms20
Super typhoons3 (unofficial)
Total fatalities>229,160
Total damage> $1.2 billion (1975 USD)
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977

Tropical Storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

Some of the notable storms here are Typhoon Nina, which caused the Banqiao Dam flood, which resulted in approximately 229,000 people dead, and Super Typhoon June, which was the strongest storm on record with a pressure of 875 mbar, until beaten by Typhoon Tip in 1979 with 870 mbar.



25 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 20 became tropical storms. 14 storms reached typhoon intensity, of which 3 reached super typhoon strength.[1]

Typhoon Lola (Auring)Edit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJanuary 21 – January 28
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Lola (Auring) was a very early typhoon. It made landfall on Mindanao as a minimal typhoon on January 24 and transversed the southern Philippines as a tropical storm. Lola crossed the South China Sea before stalling in the open sea and dissipating on January 28. The typhoon caused 30 casualties from mudslides and heavy rain.

Tropical Depression 02WEdit

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
DurationApril 22 – April 28
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min)  1005 hPa (mbar)

2W formed near the Philippines and hit it.

Tropical Storm MamieEdit

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 26 – July 30
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  992 hPa (mbar)

Mamie skirted Japan and Korea.

Super Typhoon Nina (Bebeng)Edit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 30 – August 6
Peak intensity250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)  900 hPa (mbar)

Nina was a short-lived but rapidly intensifying typhoon. After forming on July 30, it struck Taiwan at super typhoon intensity. It stayed a typhoon during its passage over the island, causing 25 fatalities and widespread damage. It emerged into the Formosa Strait and weakened to a tropical storm. Nina headed inland. Its moisture interacted with a cold front, causing a huge amount of rainfall. The rainfall contributed to the bursting of the Banqiao Dam, causing the deaths of at least 229,000 people.

Tropical Depression 05W (Karing)Edit

Tropical depression (PAGASA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 5 – August 7
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 

5W lasted two days.

Typhoon Ora (Diding)Edit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 9 – August 15
Peak intensity120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Ora hit China.

Typhoon Phyllis (Etang)Edit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 11 – August 18
Peak intensity220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  920 hPa (mbar)

Phyllis struck the southern part of Japan on August 17 as a minimal typhoon, having weakened from a peak of 140 mph winds. Phyllis caused over 60 casualties, with landslides and flooding causing moderate to heavy damage.

Typhoon RitaEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 17 – August 24
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Rita formed August 17 and erratically headed north and affected the Ryūkyū Islands. Rita then made landfall on Shikoku as a moderately strong Category 1 typhoon. It moved along the entire length of Japan, weakening to a depression. Rita strengthened back into a tropical storm over the Kuril Islands— an unusually northerly location— before dissipating on August 24. At least 26 deaths can be attributed to this typhoon from the heavy flooding— the worst in 10 years.

Severe Tropical Storm SusanEdit

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 25 – September 3
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Susan moved generally north.

Typhoon TessEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 1 – September 10
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  945 hPa (mbar)

Tess followed Susan's footsteps.

Tropical Storm Viola (Gening)Edit

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 4 – September 8
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Viola did not affect land.

Typhoon WinnieEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 8 – September 12
Peak intensity120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Winnie did not affect land either.

Typhoon Alice (Herming)Edit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 15 – September 21
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Alice hit the Philippines and China and Vietnam and Thailand

Typhoon Betty (Ising)Edit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 17 – September 24
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  950 hPa (mbar)

Betty hit Taiwan and China.

Typhoon Cora (Luding)Edit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 30 – October 9
Peak intensity195 km/h (120 mph) (1-min)  945 hPa (mbar)

Cora re-curved east of Japan.

Severe Tropical Storm DorisEdit

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 2 – October 7
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Doris hit China as a high-end tropical storm.

Super Typhoon Elsie (Mameng)Edit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 8 – October 15
Peak intensity250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)  900 hPa (mbar)

This storm ultimately hit Hong Kong.

Tropical Depression 18W (Neneng)Edit

Tropical depression (PAGASA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 15 – October 17
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (10-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

18W dissipated near the Philippines.

Typhoon FlossieEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 19 – October 23
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Flossie struck the extreme southern part of China at Category 1 intensity. 44 people were lost from 2 freighters sinking.

Severe Tropical Storm Grace (Oniang)Edit

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 24 – November 4
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Grace moved northwest away from the Philippines.

Tropical Storm Helen (Pepang)Edit

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 1 – November 4
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Helen hit Vietnam and The Philippines.

Typhoon IdaEdit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 5 – November 14
Peak intensity155 km/h (100 mph) (1-min)  950 hPa (mbar)

Ida recurved out to sea.

Super Typhoon June (Rosing)Edit

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 15 – November 25
Peak intensity295 km/h (185 mph) (1-min)  875 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon June was the strongest storm of the season, but it had no effect on land. At the time, June was the strongest typhoon on record, and tropical cyclone worldwide, with a minimum central pressure of 875 millibars. June was also the first recorded case of a typhoon with triple eyewalls.[2]

Tropical Depression 24W (Sisang)Edit

Tropical depression (PAGASA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
DurationDecember 26 – December 30
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 

A late season tropical depression affected the Philippines before turning back toward the ocean and dissipated out at sea.

Tropical Storm 25WEdit

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
DurationDecember 26 – December 30
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  996 hPa (mbar)

25W formed in the South China Sea.

Storm namesEdit

Western North Pacific tropical cyclones were named by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. The first storm of 1975 was named Lola and the final one was named June.

  • Agnes
  • Bonnie
  • Carmen
  • Della
  • Elaine
  • Faye
  • Gloria
  • Hester
  • Irma
  • Judy
  • Kit
  • Lola 1W
  • Mamie 3W
  • Nina 4W
  • Ora 6W
  • Phyllis 7Ws
  • Rita 8W
  • Susan 9W
  • Tess 10W
  • Viola 11W
  • Winnie 12W
  • Alice 13W
  • Betty 14W
  • Cora 15W
  • Doris 16W
  • Elsie 17W
  • Flossie 19W
  • Grace 20W
  • Helen 21W
  • Ida 22W
  • June 23W
  • Kathy
  • Lorna
  • Marie
  • Nancy
  • Olga
  • Pamela
  • Ruby
  • Sally
  • Therese
  • Violet
  • Wilda
  • Anita
  • Billie
  • Clara
  • Dot
  • Ellen
  • Fran
  • Georgia
  • Hope
  • Iris
  • Joan
  • Kate
  • Louise
  • Marge
  • Nora
  • Opal
  • Patsy
  • Ruth
  • Sarah
  • Thelma
  • Vera
  • Wanda
  • Amy
  • Babe
  • Carla
  • Dinah
  • Emma
  • Freda
  • Gilda
  • Harriet
  • Ivy
  • Jean
  • Kim
  • Lucy
  • Mary
  • Nadine
  • Olive
  • Polly
  • Rose
  • Shirley
  • Trix
  • Virginia
  • Wendy


Auring Bebeng Karing Diding Etang
Gening Herming Ising Luding Mameng
Neneng Oniang Pepang Rosing Sisang
Trining (unused) Uring (unused) Warling (unused) Yayang (unused)
Auxiliary list
Ading (unused)
Barang (unused) Krising (unused) Dadang (unused) Erling (unused) Goying (unused)

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration uses its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones in their area of responsibility. PAGASA assigns names to tropical depressions that form within their area of responsibility and any tropical cyclone that might move into their area of responsibility. Should the list of names for a given year prove to be insufficient, names are taken from an auxiliary list, the first 6 of which are published each year before the season starts. Names not retired from this list will be used again in the 1979 season. This is the same list used for the 1969 season. PAGASA uses its own naming scheme that starts in the Filipino alphabet, with names of Filipino female names ending with "ng" (A, B, K, D, etc.). Names that were not assigned/going to use are marked in gray.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ 1975 ATCR TABLE OF CONTENTS Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Shanmin, Chen (1987). "Preliminary analysis on the structure and intensity of concentric double-eye typhoons". Advances in Atmospheric Sciences. 4 (1): 113–118. Bibcode:1987AdAtS...4..113C. doi:10.1007/BF02656667.

External linksEdit