1964 United States presidential election in South Carolina

The 1964 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place on November 3, 1964, as part of the 1964 United States presidential election. South Carolina voters chose 8[2] representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

1964 United States presidential election in South Carolina

← 1960 November 3, 1964[1] 1968 →
  Senator Goldwater 1960.jpg Black and White 37 Lyndon Johnson 3x4.jpg
Nominee Barry Goldwater Lyndon B. Johnson
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Arizona Texas
Running mate William E. Miller Hubert Humphrey
Electoral vote 8 0
Popular vote 309,048 215,700
Percentage 58.9% 41.1%

South Carolina Presidential Election Results 1964.svg
County Results

President before election

Lyndon B. Johnson
Democratic

Elected President

Lyndon B. Johnson
Democratic

BackgroundEdit

For six decades up to 1950 South Carolina was a one-party state dominated by the Democratic Party. The Republican Party had been moribund due to the disfranchisement of blacks and the complete absence of other support bases as the Palmetto State completely lacked upland or German refugee whites opposed to secession.[3] Between 1900 and 1948, no Republican presidential candidate ever obtained more than seven percent of the total presidential vote[4] – a vote which in 1924 reached as low as 6.6 percent of the total voting-age population[5] (or approximately 15 percent of the voting-age white population).

Following Harry S. Truman’s To Secure These Rights in 1947, the following year South Carolina’s small electorate overwhelmingly rejected him in favour of state Governor Strom Thurmond, who won 71 percent of the state’s limited electorate and every county except poor white industrial Anderson and Spartanburg.[6] During the 1950s, the state’s wealthier and more urbanized whites became extremely disenchanted with the national Democratic Party and to a lesser extent with the federal administration of Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower.[7] However, aided by the state’s abolition of its poll tax in 1950, the poor white upcountry provided enough support to national Democrats Adlai Stevenson II and John F. Kennedy to, aided by substantial majorities amongst the small but increasing number of blacks able to vote, keep the state in Democratic hands.

During the 1950s, wealthy textile mill owners in the upcountry developed a grassroots state Republican Party dedicated to the tenets of the John Birch Society. This group nominated the most conservative delegation at the party’s 1960 convention.[8] These wealthy businessmen would merge with hardline segregationists to draft Barry Goldwater for the Republican nomination in 1960 and join forces therein by the time of the next presidential election.[8] When Goldwater secured the nomination for 1964 and voted against the Civil Rights Act, he courted Thurmond – now South Carolina’s junior senator – to change parties.[9] Thurmond did this, and immediately linked his party switch to the Goldwater presidential campaign,[10] which toured the state in September.[11]

The Democratic Party, for its part, had struggled bitterly over whether to select electors pledged to incumbent President Lyndon Johnson due to his support for civil rights as desegregation; however, like Georgia, Louisiana and Mississippi, South Carolina chose Democratic electors pledged to LBJ.[12] President Johnson did not campaign in the state, being hopeful that a black registration increased by more than Kennedy’s 1960 margin[13] and support from economically liberal Senator Olin Johnston would help him win without campaigning.[14]

PollsEdit

Early polls in the Palmetto State gave a substantial lead to Goldwater, but by the end of October the state was viewed as similarly close to the 1952 and 1960 races where the Democrats won by under ten thousand votes.[15][16]

VoteEdit

As it turned out, and analogously to Mississippi, early polls were the most accurate and Goldwater carried South Carolina by a comfortable margin, taking 58.89 percent of the vote to Johnson’s 41.10 percent.[17][18] The swing away from Johnson was general except in a few areas of substantial black voter registration increases, and Goldwater‘s lowcountry dominance easily offset Johnson’s narrow edge amongst the poor whites of the upcountry who, despite their hostility to Johnson’s civil rights measures, saw Goldwater as a Dixiecrat-style conservative committed to privatization of services poor whites viewed essential.[19] After narrow losses in 1952 and 1960, Goldwater became the first Republican presidential candidate to carry South Carolina since Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876.

With 58.89 percent of the popular vote, South Carolina would prove to be Goldwater's third strongest state in the 1964 election after Mississippi and Alabama.[20] The state has voted Republican in every subsequent election except 1976.

ResultsEdit

1964 United States presidential election in South Carolina
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Barry Goldwater 309,048 58.89%
Democratic Lyndon B. Johnson (inc.) 215,700 41.10%
Write-in 8 0.01%
Total votes 524,756 100%

Results by countyEdit

County Barry Morris Goldwater
Republican
Lyndon Baines Johnson
Democratic
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # %
Abbeville 1,448 35.00% 2,689 65.00% -1,241 -30.00% 4,137
Aiken 17,467 69.62% 7,622 30.38% 9,845 39.24% 25,089
Allendale 1,740 69.27% 772 30.73% 968 38.54% 2,512
Anderson 8,398 41.85% 11,670 58.15% -3,272 -16.30% 20,068
Bamberg 2,366 62.51% 1,419 37.49% 947 25.02% 3,785
Barnwell 3,670 72.64% 1,382 27.36% 2,288 45.28% 5,052
Beaufort 3,432 55.54% 2,747 44.46% 685 11.08% 6,179
Berkeley 6,100 63.30% 3,537 36.70% 2,563 26.60% 9,637
Calhoun 1,591 72.22% 612 27.78% 979 44.44% 2,203
Charleston 32,509 69.06% 14,564 30.94% 17,945 38.12% 47,073
Cherokee 3,627 46.00% 4,258 54.00% -631 -8.00% 7,885
Chester 2,915 42.89% 3,882 57.11% -967 -14.22% 6,797
Chesterfield 2,449 34.58% 4,634 65.42% -2,185 -30.84% 7,083
Clarendon 2,960 78.06% 832 21.94% 2,128 56.12% 3,792
Colleton 4,637 69.33% 2,051 30.67% 2,586 38.66% 6,688
Darlington 6,717 57.28% 5,010 42.72% 1,707 14.56% 11,727
Dillon 2,742 49.72% 2,773 50.28% -31 -0.56% 5,515
Dorchester 5,109 76.11% 1,604 23.89% 3,505 52.22% 6,713
Edgefield 2,489 75.13% 824 24.87% 1,665 50.26% 3,313
Fairfield 1,997 43.18% 2,628 56.82% -631 -13.64% 4,625
Florence 10,346 59.11% 7,157 40.89% 3,189 18.22% 17,503
Georgetown 4,705 57.89% 3,423 42.11% 1,282 15.78% 8,128
Greenville 29,358 62.96% 17,275 37.04% 12,083 25.92% 46,633
Greenwood 5,653 50.78% 5,479 49.22% 174 1.56% 11,132
Hampton 2,259 61.09% 1,439 38.91% 820 22.18% 3,698
Horry 8,293 60.37% 5,444 39.63% 2,849 20.74% 13,737
Jasper 1,593 61.39% 1,002 38.61% 591 22.78% 2,595
Kershaw 5,617 63.94% 3,168 36.06% 2,449 27.88% 8,785
Lancaster 4,742 48.83% 4,970 51.17% -228 -2.34% 9,712
Laurens 5,081 53.79% 4,365 46.21% 716 7.58% 9,446
Lee 2,489 68.29% 1,156 31.71% 1,333 36.58% 3,645
Lexington 12,041 71.47% 4,807 28.53% 7,234 42.94% 16,848
Marion 3,197 60.98% 2,046 39.02% 1,151 21.96% 5,243
Marlboro 1,864 43.49% 2,422 56.51% -558 -13.02% 4,286
McCormick 939 65.34% 498 34.66% 441 30.68% 1,437
Newberry 5,571 63.35% 3,222 36.64% 2,349 26.71% 8,794[a]
Oconee 2,712 32.79% 5,560 67.21% -2,848 -34.42% 8,272
Orangeburg 10,456 65.09% 5,607 34.91% 4,849 30.18% 16,063
Pickens 5,882 62.63% 3,506 37.33% 2,376 25.30% 9,391[b]
Richland 27,306 60.35% 17,939 39.65% 9,367 20.70% 45,245
Saluda 2,524 64.17% 1,409 35.83% 1,115 28.34% 3,933
Spartanburg 18,411 47.89% 20,034 52.11% -1,623 -4.22% 38,445
Sumter 7,729 67.19% 3,775 32.81% 3,954 34.38% 11,504
Union 3,815 49.50% 3,892 50.50% -77 -1.00% 7,707
Williamsburg 4,810 68.15% 2,248 31.85% 2,562 36.30% 7,058
York 7,292 46.62% 8,346 53.36% -1,054 -6.74% 15,642[c]
Totals 309,048 58.89% 215,699 41.10% 93,349 17.79% 524,755

NotesEdit

  1. ^ One write-in vote was recorded from this county.
  2. ^ 3 write-in votes were recorded from this county.
  3. ^ 4 write-in votes were recorded from this county.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "United States Presidential election of 1964 - Encyclopædia Britannica". Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  2. ^ "1964 Election for the Forty-Fifth Term (1965-69)". Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  3. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 208, 210 ISBN 9780691163246
  4. ^ Mickey, Robert; Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972, p. 440 ISBN 0691149631
  5. ^ Mickey; Paths Out of Dixie, p. 27
  6. ^ Frederikson, Kari; The Dixiecrat Revolt and the End of the Solid South, 1932-1968, p. 185 ISBN 9780807875445
  7. ^ Graham, Cole Blease and Moore, William V.; South Carolina Politics and Government, pp. 79, 81 ISBN 9780803270435
  8. ^ a b Mickey, Paths out of Dixie, p. 234
  9. ^ Donaldson, Robert H.; Liberalism's Last Hurrah: The Presidential Campaign of 1964, p. 255 ISBN 9780765611192
  10. ^ Heersink, Boris and Jenkins, Jeffery A.; Republican Party Politics and the American South, 1865-1968, p. 182 ISBN 1108850820
  11. ^ Associated Press; The World in 1964: History as We Lived It. The Word and Picture Chronicle of a Year We Lived, of Its Events, Large and Small, Humorous and Pathetic, of a Period of Time and the People who Occupied It; a Book for the Present and Future (1965), p. 167
  12. ^ Congressional Quarterly, Incorporated; CQ Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol. 25 (1967), p. 1121
  13. ^ Johnson, Robert David; All the Way with LBJ: The 1964 Presidential Election, p. 168 ISBN 0521737524
  14. ^ Johnson; All the Way with LBJ, p. 224
  15. ^ ‘State By state Rundown Shows Johnson Way Out in Front’
  16. ^ Johnson; All the Way with LBJ, p. 275
  17. ^ "1964 Presidential General Election Results – South Carolina". Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  18. ^ "The American Presidency Project – Election of 1964". Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  19. ^ Phillips; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 263-265
  20. ^ "1964 Presidential Election Statistics". Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-03-05.