18th Street station (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)

18th Street was a local station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located on Park Avenue South and 18th Street in Gramercy, Manhattan.

 18th Street
 
Former New York City Subway station
18 Street IRT 001.png
18th Street station shortly after construction
Station statistics
AddressEast 18th Street & Park Avenue South
New York, NY
BoroughManhattan
LocaleGramercy
Coordinates40°44′13″N 73°59′20″W / 40.737°N 73.989°W / 40.737; -73.989Coordinates: 40°44′13″N 73°59′20″W / 40.737°N 73.989°W / 40.737; -73.989
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Lexington Avenue Line
ServicesNone (abandoned)
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedOctober 27, 1904 (115 years ago) (1904-10-27)[1]
ClosedNovember 8, 1948 (70 years ago) (1948-11-08)[2]
Station succession
Next north23rd Street
Next south14th Street–Union Square

HistoryEdit

Track layout
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Operation of the first subway began on October 27, 1904, with the opening of the original 28 stations of the New York City Subway from City Hall to 145th Street on the West Side Branch including the 18th Street station.[3]:162–191[4]

The closing of this station was proposed as early as 1928.[5]

The station closed on November 8, 1948, when it was closed because of platform lengthening at 23rd Street, the opening of an entrance at 22nd Street, and due to its proximity to the 14th Street—Union Square station.[2]

Station layoutEdit

G - Street level
P
Platform level
Side platform, not in service
Northbound local       do not stop here (23rd Street)
Northbound express     do not stop here
Southbound express     do not stop here →
Southbound local       do not stop here (14th Street–Union Square)
Side platform, not in service
 
Entrance area with ticket booth and control

This underground station has four tracks and two side platforms. The two platforms are as built and are only 5 cars in length.

The station's ceiling was originally fitted with glass in order to let natural light in. It has green faience plaques and mosaic name tablets by Heins & LaFarge / Grueby Faience Company from 1904. The ceiling was also decorated with ornamental motifs.

The station is no longer accessible from the street, but its graffiti-covered walls can be seen through the windows of any Lexington Avenue local train, as well as from express trains if no local train blocks the view.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Our Subway Open, 150,000 Try It". The New York Times. October 28, 1904. p. 1. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
  2. ^ a b "IRT Station To Be Closed; East Side Subway Trains to End Stops at 18th Street". The New York Times. November 6, 1948. p. 29. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
  3. ^ Walker, James Blaine (1918). Fifty Years of Rapid Transit — 1864 to 1917. New York, N.Y.: Law Printing. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  4. ^ "Subway Opening To-day With Simple Ceremony – Exercises at One O'Clock – Public to be Admitted at Seven – John Hay May Be Present – Expected to Represent the Federal Government – President Roosevelt Sends Letter of Regret" (PDF). The New York Times. October 27, 1904. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  5. ^ Proceedings of the Board of Transportation of the City of New York. New York Board of Transportation. 1928.

External linksEdit