.jp is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Japan. It is administered by the Japan Registry Services.

.jp
Dotjp.svg
Introduced5 August 1986; 34 years ago (1986-08-05)
TLD typeCountry code top-level domain
StatusActive
RegistryJapan Registry Services
SponsorJPNIC
Intended useEntities connected with  Japan
Actual useVery popular in Japan
Registered domains1,580,163 (October 2019)[1]
Registration restrictionsSecond-level registrations require a Japanese mailing address; third-level registrations have varying rules depending on which second-level name they are beneath
StructureRegistrations permitted at second level and at third level beneath various second-level labels
DocumentsICANN sponsorship agreement
DNSSECyes
Registry websiteJPRS

At the establishment of the .jp domain, the domain was administered by the JPNIC, as part of their role as an overseeing technical body for the Internet in Japan. It was originally proposed by Jun Murai for the Information Sciences Institute at the University of Southern California, on August 5, 1986. Handling of the domain was first managed within the "junet-admin" admin group, which was responsible for the operations of JUNET, an early computer network in which Murai was a part of.[2] In April 1989, the junet-admin group began formally registering .jp domain names.[3] However, due to the growing importance and size of the .jp registry, it was decided at the 11th General Meeting of JPNIC in December 2000 to create a new corporation that would manage the .jp domain. Thus, the Japan Registry Service was created, and on June 30, 2003, officially assumed the duties of the .jp registry.

.jp registrations are only allowed if the registrant has a physical address in Japan.

Registrations are processed via accredited registrars and domain names with Japanese characters (kanji, hiragana or katakana) may be registered at the second level.

Second-level domainsEdit

While any party with a Japanese mailing address can get a second-level domain (example.jp) there are several restricted-use second-level domains, listed below.[4]

  • ac.jp: higher level academic institutions, such as universities
  • ad.jp: JPNIC members
  • co.jp: most forms of incorporated companies, including foreign companies registered in Japan
  • ed.jp: educational institutions for individuals under 18
  • go.jp: Japanese government ministries and their endeavours
  • gr.jp: groups of two or more people, or groups of registered companies
  • lg.jp: local government authorities
  • ne.jp: network service providers
  • or.jp: registered organizations and non-profit organizations

Geographical type jp domain namesEdit

  • (organization).(cityname).(prefecturename).jp[5]

Domains listed below are reserved for the local governments in Japan:

  • metro.tokyo.jp: reserved for the government of Tokyo Metropolis
  • pref.(prefecturename).jp: reserved for the prefectural government
  • city.(cityname).jp: reserved for cities designated by government ordinance
  • city.(cityname).(prefecturename).jp: reserved for non-designated cities and, wards and cities within Tokyo
  • town.(townname).(prefecturename).jp: reserved for towns
  • vill.(villagename).(prefecturename).jp: reserved for villages

Internationalized top-level domainsEdit

Japan has considered registering an internationalized country code top-level domain, .日本.[6] In 2008, a preliminary application was made.[7] As of 2020, no such domain has been registered.[8]

Private companies have registrered the following internationalized generic top-level domains using Japanese script:

  • .みんな
  • .セール
  • .ファッション
  • .ストア
  • .ポイント
  • .クラウド
  • .コム

Cities or regions in Japan have registered these geographic top-level domains:

  • .kyoto
  • .nagoya
  • .okinawa
  • .osaka
  • .ryukyu
  • .tokyo
  • .yokohama

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Statistics / Japan Registry Services Co., Ltd. Jprs.co.jp. Retrieved on 2011-11-08.
  2. ^ "IANA Report on Request for Redelegation of the .jp Top-Level Domain". IANA. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  3. ^ "A New Phase for JP Domain Name Registration and Administration". Retrieved 2020-09-18. Since their introduction in 1989, JP domain names have been registered and managed under such rules as "one domain name per organization" and "prohibition of domain name transfer."
  4. ^ JPドメイン名新規登録 / JPDirect. Jpdirect.jp. Retrieved on 2011-11-08.
  5. ^ 一般地域型ドメイン名の構成 / JPDirect. Jpdirect.jp. Retrieved on 2011-11-08.
  6. ^ About '.日本'
  7. ^ IDN ccTLD Form of Interest | Japan
  8. ^ "Resources - ICANN". Icann.org. Retrieved 2020-12-05.

External linksEdit