Alpha Lacertae, Latinized from α Lacertae, is a single[9] white-hued star in the constellation of Lacerta,[8] located 103[1] light years from the Sun. It is the brightest star in Lacerta with an apparent visual magnitude of 3.76.[2] The star is moving closer to the Earth with a heliocentric radial velocity of −4.5 km/s.[5]

α Lacertae
Alpha Lacertae.jpg
α Lacertae in optical light
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Lacerta
Right ascension  22h 31m 17.50131s[1]
Declination +50° 16′ 56.9682″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 3.76[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type A1 V[3]
U−B color index 0.00[4]
B−V color index 0.031±0.003[2]
R−I color index −0.03[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)−4.5±0.9[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 137.51[1] mas/yr
Dec.: 17.01[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)31.79 ± 0.12[1] mas
Distance102.6 ± 0.4 ly
(31.5 ± 0.1 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)1.27[2]
Details[6]
Mass2.194 M
Radius2.1432±0.0737 R
Luminosity27.6750±0.2138 L
Surface gravity (log g)4.27±0.14[7] cgs
Temperature9,050±157 K
Rotational velocity (v sin i)128[7] km/s
Age400 Myr
Other designations
α Lac, Alpha Lacertae, Alpha Lac, 7 Lac, BD+49°3875, FK5 848, GC 31471, HD 213558, HIP 111169, HR 8585, SAO 34542, ADS 16021 A, CCDM J22313+5017A, WDS J22139+3943[8]
Database references
SIMBADdata

This is an ordinary A-type main-sequence star with a stellar classification of A1 V,[3] which indicates it is generating energy through hydrogen fusion at its core. It is around 400[6] million years old with a relatively high rate of spin, showing a projected rotational velocity of 128 km/s.[7] The star has 2.2 times the mass of the Sun and 2.1 times the Sun's radius. It is radiating 28 times the Sun's luminosity from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 9,050 K.[6]

Alpha Lacertae has a visual companion, CCDM J22313+5017B, of spectral type A and apparent visual magnitude 11.8, approximately 36 arcseconds away.[10] The companion is optical, a chance line-of-sight coincidence.[4]

NamingEdit

Alpha Lacertae is the Bayer designation for this star; it has the Flamsteed designation 7 Lacertae. In Chinese, 螣蛇 (Téng Shé), meaning Flying Serpent, refers to an asterism consisting of α Lacertae, 4 Lacertae, π2 Cygni, π1 Cygni, HD 206267, ε Cephei, β Lacertae, σ Cassiopeiae, ρ Cassiopeiae, τ Cassiopeiae, AR Cassiopeiae, 9 Lacertae, 3 Andromedae, 7 Andromedae, 8 Andromedae, λ Andromedae, κ Andromedae, ι Andromedae, and ψ Andromedae. Consequently, α Lacertae itself is known as 螣蛇一 (Téng Shé yī, English: the First Star of Flying Serpent)[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
  2. ^ a b c d Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015.
  3. ^ a b Cowley, A.; et al. (April 1969), "A study of the bright A stars. I. A catalogue of spectral classifications", Astronomical Journal, 74: 375–406, Bibcode:1969AJ.....74..375C, doi:10.1086/110819.
  4. ^ a b c HR 8585, database entry, The Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Preliminary Version), D. Hoffleit and W. H. Warren, Jr., CDS ID V/50. Accessed on line September 3, 2008.
  5. ^ a b Gontcharov, G. A. (November 2006), "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35495 Hipparcos stars in a common system", Astronomy Letters, 32 (11): 759–771, arXiv:1606.08053, Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G, doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065.
  6. ^ a b c Boyajian, Tabetha S.; et al. (July 2013), "Stellar Diameters and Temperatures. III. Main-sequence A, F, G, and K Stars: Additional High-precision Measurements and Empirical Relations", The Astrophysical Journal, 771 (1): 31, arXiv:1306.2974, Bibcode:2013ApJ...771...40B, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/771/1/40, 40. See Table 3.
  7. ^ a b c David, Trevor J.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (2015), "The Ages of Early-type Stars: Strömgren Photometric Methods Calibrated, Validated, Tested, and Applied to Hosts and Prospective Hosts of Directly Imaged Exoplanets", The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): 146, arXiv:1501.03154, Bibcode:2015ApJ...804..146D, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/804/2/146.
  8. ^ a b "HD 211073". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2019-02-02.
  9. ^ De Rosa, R. J.; et al. (2014), "The VAST Survey - III. The multiplicity of A-type stars within 75 pc", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 437 (2): 1216, arXiv:1311.7141, Bibcode:2014MNRAS.437.1216D, doi:10.1093/mnras/stt1932.
  10. ^ Entry 22313+5017, discoverer code BU 703, The Washington Double Star Catalog Archived September 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, United States Naval Observatory. Accessed on line September 3, 2008.
  11. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 7 日

External linksEdit

  • Kaler, James B., "Alpha Lac", STARS, University of Illinois, retrieved 2019-02-04.