Ōkuwa (大桑村, Ōkuwa-mura) is a village located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the village had an estimated population of 3,693 in 1558 households [1], and a population density of 16 persons per km². The total area of the village is 234.47 square kilometres (90.53 sq mi).

Ōkuwa

大桑村
Ōkuwa Village Hall
Ōkuwa Village Hall
Flag of Ōkuwa
Flag
Official seal of Ōkuwa
Seal
Location of Ōkuwa in Nagano Prefecture
Location of Ōkuwa in Nagano Prefecture
Ōkuwa is located in Japan
Ōkuwa
Ōkuwa
 
Coordinates: 35°40′58.2″N 137°39′53.9″E / 35.682833°N 137.664972°E / 35.682833; 137.664972Coordinates: 35°40′58.2″N 137°39′53.9″E / 35.682833°N 137.664972°E / 35.682833; 137.664972
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
PrefectureNagano
DistrictKiso
Area
 • Total234.47 km2 (90.53 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2019)
 • Total3,693
 • Density16/km2 (41/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeChamaecyparis obtusa
• FlowerRhododendron subg. Hymenanthes
Phone number0264-55-3080
Address2778 Nagano, Ōkuwa-mura, Kiso-gun, Nagano-ken 399-5503
WebsiteOfficial website
Ōkuwa village form Mount Doppo

GeographyEdit

Ōkuwa is located in the Kiso Mountains of southwest Nagano Prefecture, bordered by the Atera Mountains to the west. The Kiso River flows through the village. Mount Utsugi (2864 meters) and Mount Minamikoma (2841 meters) are on the border of the village.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Ōkuwa has decreased over the past 50 years.

YearPop.±%
1940 6,274—    
1950 7,362+17.3%
1960 7,994+8.6%
1970 6,338−20.7%
1980 5,637−11.1%
1990 5,160−8.5%
2000 4,770−7.6%
2010 4,146−13.1%

ClimateEdit

The town has a climate characterized by characterized by hot and humid summers, and cold winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Ōkuwa is 12.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1680 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.4 °C.[3]

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Ōkuwa was part of ancient Shinano Province. The area developed as Suhara-juku and Nojiri-shuku two post stations on the Nakasendō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto during the Edo period. The present village of Ōkuwa was established on April 1, 1889 by the establishment of the modern municipalities system.

EducationEdit

Ōkuwa has one public elementary school and one public middle school operated by the town government. The village does not have a high school.

TransportationEdit

International relationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Okuwa Village official statistics(in Japanese)
  2. ^ Ōkuwa population statistics
  3. ^ Ōkuwa climate data
  4. ^ "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.

External linksEdit