Ōhira (大衡村, Ōhira-mura) is a village located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 May 2017, the village had an estimated population of 5,861, and a population density of 97.2 persons per km2 in 2,018 households.[1] The total area of the village is 60.32 square kilometres (23.29 sq mi).

Ōhira

大衡村
Site of Ōhira Castle, Ōhira, Miyagi
Site of Ōhira Castle, Ōhira, Miyagi
Flag of Ōhira
Flag
Official seal of Ōhira
Seal
Location of Ōhira in Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Ōhira in Miyagi Prefecture
Ōhira is located in Japan
Ōhira
Ōhira
 
Coordinates: 38°28′2.1″N 140°52′47.2″E / 38.467250°N 140.879778°E / 38.467250; 140.879778Coordinates: 38°28′2.1″N 140°52′47.2″E / 38.467250°N 140.879778°E / 38.467250; 140.879778
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureMiyagi
DistrictKurokawa
Area
 • Total60.32 km2 (23.29 sq mi)
Population
 (May 2017)
 • Total5,861
 • Density97.2/km2 (252/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
• TreeJapanese Red Pine
• FlowerKikyo
• BirdGreen pheasant
Phone number022-345-5111
Address62 Hirabayashi, Ōhira-mura, Kurokawa-gun, Miyagi-ken 981-3692
Websitehttp://www.village.ohira.miyagi.jp/
  
Ōhira Village Office

GeographyEdit

Ōhira is located near the geographic centre of Miyagi Prefecture, north of Sendai. The village has a climate characterized by cool summers and long cold winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Ōhira is 11.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1268 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around -0.1 °C.[2]

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Ōhira has remained relatively stable over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 5,028
1980 5,200
1990 5,885
2000 5,992
2010 5,334

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Ōhira was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jōmon period by the Emishi people. Per the Shoku Nihongi, following an earthquake in the year 715 AD, a large number of people migrated to this area from the southern Kantō region, forming numerous fortified settlements. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate.

The village of Ōhira was created after the Meiji restoration on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Ōhira is largely based on agriculture, primarily the cultivation of rice. Toyota opened a new assembly plant in Ōhira on February 17, 2011, its first new plant in Japan in 18 years. The plant, (belonging to Central Motors), employing 900 people, assembles the Toyota Yaris and Corolla for both the domestic market and North America, with a capacity of 120,000 vehicles a year.[4][5]

EducationEdit

Ōhira has one public elementary school and one public junior high school operated by the village government. The village does not have a high school.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

Ōhira is not currently served by any passenger railway lines.

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

  • Site of Ōhira Castle
  • Ōhira Hachiman Jinja

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Ōhira, Miyagi at Wikimedia Commons