Ōhira (大衡村 Ōhira-mura) is a village located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 May 2017[update], the village had an estimated population of 5,861, and a population density of 97.2 persons per km2 in 2,018 households. The total area of the village is 60.32 square kilometres (23.29 sq mi).
Site of Ōhira Castle, Ōhira, Miyagi
Location of Ōhira in Miyagi Prefecture
|• Total||60.32 km2 (23.29 sq mi)|
|• Density||97.2/km2 (252/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Tree||Japanese Red Pine|
|• Bird||Green pheasant|
|Address||62 Hirabayashi, Ōhira-mura, Kurokawa-gun, Miyagi-ken 981-3692|
Ōhira is located near the geographic centre of Miyagi Prefecture, north of Sendai. The village has a climate characterized by cool summers and long cold winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Ōhira is 11.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1268 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around -0.1 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Ōhira has remained relatively stable over the past 40 years.
The area of present-day Ōhira was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jōmon period by the Emishi people. Per the Shoku Nihongi, following an earthquake in the year 715 AD, a large number of people migrated to this area from the southern Kantō region, forming numerous fortified settlements. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate.
The village of Ōhira was created after the Meiji restoration on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system.
The economy of Ōhira is largely based on agriculture, primarily the cultivation of rice. Toyota opened a new assembly plant in Ōhira on February 17, 2011, its first new plant in Japan in 18 years. The plant, (belonging to Central Motors), employing 900 people, assembles the Toyota Yaris and Corolla for both the domestic market and North America, with a capacity of 120,000 vehicles a year.
Ōhira has one public elementary school and one public junior high school operated by the village government. The village does not have a high school.
Ōhira is not currently served by any passenger railway lines.
- Site of Ōhira Castle
- Ōhira Hachiman Jinja