Öhningen is a town on the western edge of Lake Constance where it forms the border between Switzerland and the district of Konstanz (or Constance) in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.

Öhningen
Coat of arms of Öhningen
Coat of arms
Location of Öhningen within Konstanz district
Lake ConstanceBodenseekreisWaldshut (district)Schwarzwald-Baar-KreisTuttlingen (district)Sigmaringen (district)AachAllensbachBodman-LudwigshafenBüsingen am HochrheinStockachEigeltingenEngenGaienhofenGailingenGottmadingenHilzingenHohenfelsKonstanzMainauMoosMühlhausen-EhingenMühlingenÖhningenOrsingen-NenzingenRadolfzellReichenauReichenauReichenauReichenauRielasingen-WorblingenSingenSteißlingenStockachTengenVolkertshausenSwitzerlandÖhningen in KN.svg
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Öhningen is located in Germany
Öhningen
Öhningen
Öhningen is located in Baden-Württemberg
Öhningen
Öhningen
Coordinates: 47°39′41″N 8°53′19″E / 47.66139°N 8.88861°E / 47.66139; 8.88861Coordinates: 47°39′41″N 8°53′19″E / 47.66139°N 8.88861°E / 47.66139; 8.88861
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionFreiburg
DistrictKonstanz
Government
 • MayorAndreas Schmid
Area
 • Total28.20 km2 (10.89 sq mi)
Elevation
499 m (1,637 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total3,671
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
78337
Dialling codes07735
Vehicle registrationKN
Websitewww.oehningen.de

World heritage siteEdit

It is home to one or more prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements that are part of the Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps UNESCO World Heritage Site.[2]

PalaeontologyEdit

The discovery of the fossil Andrias scheuchzeri in 1726 by the Zurich city physician Johann Jakob Scheuchzer in Öhningen (Dutch: Oeningen) placed this town firmly in the history annals of palaeontology because Scheuchzer interpreted his find as the skeletal remains of a child who suffered the biblical deluge, and which he referred to as Homo diluvii. Later in the 1770s it was determined to be a fossilized lizard and it was finally identified as the giant salamander in 1811 by George Cuvier after he hacked gently away at the specimen to reveal the limbs. The site at Öhningen has also yielded a rich material of other fossils including many Miocene insects, of which the pioneer student was Oswald Heer.

Twin townsEdit

Öhningen is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ UNESCO World Heritage Site - Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps